MIG Welding




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Section IX of the ASME BPVC

ASME P-Numbers

Structural Welding







MIG Welding

Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) is frequently referred to as MIG welding.  MIG welding is a commonly used high deposition rate welding process.  Wire is continuously fed from a spool.  MIG welding is therefore referred to as a semiautomatic welding process. 

Mig Weld

MIG Welding Benefits

  •  All position capability
  •  Higher deposition rates than SMAW
  •  Less operator skill required
  •  Long welds can be made without starts and stops
  •  Minimal post weld cleaning is required

MIG Welding Shielding Gas

The shielding gas, forms the arc plasma, stabilizes the arc on the metal being welded, shields the arc and molten weld pool, and allows smooth transfer of metal from the weld wire to the molten weld pool.  There are three primary metal transfer modes:

The primary shielding gasses used are:

  •  Argon
  •  Argon - 1 to 5% Oxygen
  •  Argon - 3 to 25% CO2
  •  Argon/Helium

CO2 is also used in its pure form in some MIG welding processes.  However, in some applications the presence of CO2 in the shielding gas may adversely affect the mechanical properties of the weld. 

Mig weld of Pipe

Close up of Mig Weld

Common MIG Welding Concerns

We can help optimize your MIG welding process variables. Evaluate your current welding parameters and techniques.  Help eliminate common welding problems and discontinuities such as those listed below:

Weld Discontinuities

  •  Undercutting
  •  Excessive melt-through
  •  Incomplete fusion
  •  Incomplete joint penetration
  •  Porosity
  •  Weld metal cracks
  •  Heat affected zone cracks

MIG Welding Problems

  •  Heavily oxidized weld deposit
  •  Irregular wire feed
  •  Burnback
  •  Porosity
  •  Unstable arc
  •  Difficult arc starting

If your company is experiencing these or other welding problems you can retain us to improve your weld processing.  Hire us to act as your welding specialist.   

Contact Information

407-880-4945 -------- (Consulting is only available for customers)
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Customer Support: bob@WeldingEngineer.com


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Copyright 1999 Robert McCabe                    
Last modified: February 17, 2015